All three countries of the South Caucasus are grappling with serious social and economic challenges, with high unemployment and poverty consistently among their most pressing concerns. After the 1990s witnessed the collapse of economic and social security structures, a wave of liberalization and deregulation drastically altered the countries’ economic landscapes. This process is still a subject of contemporary debate. The FES works to promote a more sustainable approach to policy, with the aim of creating more inclusive economic and social systems. Free and modern trade unions, which advocate for labor rights and sound labor relations, are a crucial element of this goal.